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As always, click the pix for full size. I am not a big fan of colorizing old monochrome photographs, but still have an interest in the process and try to keep up with the latest algorithms. The images in this post have been colorized using Algorithma’s most recent update.

 

The question seemed simple. “How did Depot Street in Winston become Patterson Avenue?” I knew the answer, but of course, it was nowhere near as simple as I thought it would be.

Depot Street originally extended only two blocks, from Second Street to Belews Creek. By the early 1880s, it had been opened northward to Liberty Street.

Rufus Lenoir Patterson

Image from Archive.org

Rufus Lenoir Patterson was born with a silver spoon in his mouth, but during his lifetime he turned the spoon gold.  His father was a wealthy planter from Caldwell County and also served as the North Carolina state treasurer and the president of the Raleigh & Gaston Railroad. His mother was the daughter of Edmund Jones, a powerful Wilkes County politician; her brother, Edmund W. Jones, became a power in Caldwell as well. And Rufus’s brother Samuel served for a time as the NC commissioner of agriculture.

After graduating from the University of North Carolina, Rufus studied law under the legendary John A. Gilmer, but he never practiced, instead deciding to marry Marie Louise “Mary” Morehead, the daughter of former governor John Motley Morehead. After a bit of misdirection, in the early 1850s, in partnership with his father-in-law, he bought the recently failed Salem Cotton Manufacturing Company and converted it to a grist mill. Eventually he also owned and operated a cotton mill and a paper mill as well.

In 1860, he was adamantly opposed to secession, but like many others, knuckled under to enormous pressure and voted for secession in 1861. But during the war he was a vocal critic of the Confederate government. Mary Patterson died in 1862. In 1864, Rufus married Mary E. Fries, the daughter of Salem industrialist Francis Levin Fries.

Rufus Patterson house, Factory Row…Old Salem Museums & Gardens

After the war, he entered a number of partnerships with Francis Fries’ brother Henry R. Fries and son Henry W. Fries, primarily in the area of textile and paper mills. He was also involved in railroads, becoming a director of both the Western North Carolina and Northwestern North Carolina lines, and treasurer of the latter. In 1874, he was appointed to the board of trustees of his alma mater, the University of North Carolin. At that time, the school had been closed for several years. Rufus was one of those who worked very hard to reopen the nation’s oldest state university.

In the early 1850s, Rufus Patterson and his father-in-law purchased the defunct Salem Cotton Manufacturing company and converted it to a grist mill. Rufus would later operate cotton mills and a paper mill. Old Salem Museums & Gardens

A number of his children found great success as college professors, inventors and business founders. But the second child of his marriage to Mary Morehead, Jesse Lindsay Patterson, is the one of interest here. Rufus Patterson died on July 15, 1879 at age 49 and is buried in Salem Cemetery.

Jesse Lindsay Patterson

Image from Archive.org

Jesse Lindsay Patterson was born May 16, 1858, the second child of Rufus and Mary Morehead Patterson. He attended the Boys School in Salem, the prestigious Finley High School in Lenoir and graduated from Davidson College in 1878, second in his class. He passed the NC state bar in 1881 and began a 41 year law practice in Winston-Salem. On September 6, 1888, he married Lucy Bramlette Patterson, who he had first met while she was attending the Salem Female Academy.

Jesse was known for his elequent courtroom arguments. One of his most famous trials dragged on for years and required several appearances before the state Supreme Court to decide the ownership of the knob on top of Pilot Mountain. But the case that made him famous involved the attempt, in 1901, by the Conservative controlled legislature to impeach two Republican justices of the state Supreme Court. His final argument before the NC Senate is still considered to be the greatest speech ever delivered there and is still read in law schools. Both defendants were acquitted on all charges.

In April, 1891, a group of Roanoke, VA and Winston-Salem businessmen who knew each other from their efforts to build the Roanoke & Southern railroad to Winston organized the North Winston Development Company. The officers were R.J. Reynolds, president; H.R. Starbuck, vice-president and secretary; and J. Lindsay Patterson, treasurer. They purchased 200 acres of land north of the Winston limit, along the Richmond & Danville and Roanoke & Southern railroad tracks. At the same time, Lindsay Patterson bought several dozen acres adjacent to the other tract to the east at the northern end of Depot Street. That area would come to be known as the Bramlette Addition. The two companies petitioned the Forsyth County Commissioners to build a new road, extending Depot Street north of Liberty Street into their area. The commissioners agreed that the road could be built, but not with their money. They did agree to lend a bit of money to the project, at six percent interest. Lindsay Patterson went to Raleigh and convinced the state legislature to put up $300 more for the project.

By October of the following year, they were ready for their first auction sale. Their flier mentioned that already operating on the property were a furniture factory, a bedspring and mattress factory and a wood working plant, with the opening of the high tech Kester Machine Works due to come on line any minute. The auction was judged a success, with 38 lots sold at an average price of $113. A second sale was scheduled a few weeks later.

The precise date of construction is currently unknown, but at about that time, Lucy Bramlette Patterson built a grand house on the new street at the center of a two block long section between Fourteenth and Sixteenth Streets. She named it “Bramlette”, after her mother’s family, and the name soon became attached to the entire area. The central house was three stories, with a two story ell in the back. Single story porches adorned the front and both sides, while the back had a two story Bermuda style porch. The new street would be listed in city directories for about twenty years as “Bramlette Addition” before it was officially designated as Patterson Avenue. And the portion south of Liberty would remain Depot Street until 1921. But right away, “Bramlette” became an important center of social and intellectual life in the Twin City.

Lindsay Patterson died on November 6, 1922 and is buried in Salem Cemetery.

Lucy Bramlette Patterson

Lucy Bramlette Patterson was born at Castle Rock, her mother’s family home, in Tazewell, TN on August 22, 1865. Her paternal grandfather, Major General Robert Patterson had fought in the War of 1812, the Mexican War and the Civil War (Union). Many other members of her family had distinguished themselves in a wide variety of fields, including politics and literature.

Like her mother before her, she attended the Salem Female Academy. But unlike her mother, who received, at best, a certificate of attendance, she received an actual diploma. In 1878, the Academy, under the direction of their first “senior teacher”, Emma Lehman, granted their first high school diplomas. Four years later, Lucy Bramlette Patterson got hers.

While at the academy, she met a young man with the same last name as hers, Patterson, as in Jesse Lindsay, who had just graduated number two in his class at Davidson College. They were not related, but there was definitely a spark of interest.

Bramlette, c 1893. Original Image from NC Digital Collections

Lucy returned to her home in Tennessee while Lindsay was beginning his long and successful legal career. But eventually the spark expanded into a flame and they were married on September 6, 1888. Apparently, it was a match made in heaven. They had no children, but reared two orphan nieces. Lucy was known for her entertaining skills, which made Bramlette parties one of North Carolina’s most sought after invitations.

But once her house was in order, Lucy plunged into more serious matters. In May 1902, Lucy issued a call for members of various NC women’s clubs to meet on the campus of the Salem Academy. In those days, women were not encouraged to travel on their own, so only a handful showed up: Sorosis, Round Table, and Embroidery of Winston-Salem; Sorosis of Wilmington; Circulating Book Club of Salisbury; Goldsboro Women’s Club; and Alpha Club of Statesville. But they established the NC Federation of Women’s Clubs. Soon, dozens of other clubs across the state managed to join. They have been a civilizing force in the Old North State ever since. A North Carolina historic marker commemorating that meeting stands at the corner of South Main and Cemetery Streets in the Twin City. Lucy Bramlette Patterson was elected the first president.

Lucy Patterson established the “Patterson Memorial Cup”, gold on silver. Between 1905 and 1933 it was awarded to a resident of the Tar Heel state who had achieved high literary distinction. Upon its retirement, it was presented the the NC Historical Museum, and was succeeded by the “Mayflower Cup”, which would continue until 2002. Image from the NC Digital Collection

Lucy had a special interest in history and literature. She would become, along with fellow Twin Citizen Daisy Hanes and her husband R.D.W. Connor (SEE https://northcarolinaroom.wordpress.com/2014/03/09/1st-archivist-of-the-united-states/), a founder of the North Carolina Historical Commission and the North Carolina Literary and Historical Society. In 1905, she established the Patterson Memorial Cup, to be awarded when justified, for literary achievement by a North Carolinian. For several decades she published essays on a wide variety of subjects in newspapers and in the state literary magazine, “Sky-Land”.

Sky-Land magazine was one of Lucy Patterson’s most treasured projects. Its board of advisers constituted a who’s who of Tar Heelians, from governors to senators to civic leaders in every corner of the state. It was published in Winston-Salem from 1913-1916. Image from NC Digital Collections

She was the organizing regent of the Centennial Chapter (now the Joseph Winston Chapter) of the DAR, served as state regent and was twice elected as national vice-president of the DAR. She also led the DAR campaign to erect a series of markers (not to be confused with the inaccurate arrowhead markers) commemorating the life of Daniel Boone.

Lucy Patterson, Kate Bitting Reynolds and Martha Maslin pose with one of their DAR Daniel Boone markers on the campus at Salem Academy & College. Old Salem Museums & Gardens

She also served as president of the Southern Woman’s Interstate Association for the Betterment of Schools and many other education related organizations. She was state chairman of the Jamestown Historical Commission, the Ter-Centenary Shakespeare Celebration and Work Relief in Belgium. The North Carolina exhibit at the 1907 Jamestown Exposition, mostly her work, was awarded one of three silver medals for best exhibit.

After World War I, she visited the Balkan countries. She was made an honorary member of Kola Sestera, an organization for the relief of war widows and orphans. She became acquainted with many local leaders, was entertained by Queen Marie of Romania and was decorated for her relief work by King Alexander of Yugoslavia.

In 1921, she leased her two city block long estate and house for a month to the local North State Film Company. They brought in a professional producer/director and actors from New York and made a feature film, “A Giant of His Race”, a “race movie” aimed at black audiences. The many extras in the movie were mostly local black citizens. The film premiered at the Lafayette Theater on East Fourth Street, moved to the Lincoln Theater in Chicago, then began a long run in Harlem, later moving out across the nation, with at least one more local appearance.

Princess Theatre, Vicksburg, MS, December, 1921. Image from Newspapers.com

“A Giant of His Race” received positive reviews, with one critic calling it the best of the “race movies”. Unfortunately, like so many of the early silent films, the seven reels have disappeared into the ether. More on this subject can be found here: https://northcarolinaroom.wordpress.com/2017/03/14/black-hollywood-in-the-twin-city/

And in 1922, less than two years after ratification of the 19th (Suffrage) Amendment, Lucy ran for Congress in the NC 5th District against incumbent Democrat Charles M. Stedman. Colonel Stedman won by about a 2-1 margin, but he spent $1,300 on his campaign. Lucy spent $125. She would go on to serve on the Republican National Executive Committee for about twenty years, first as an associate member and finally as the national committee woman from North Carolina. Lucy died on June 20, 1942 and is buried near her birthplace in Tennessee.

So now when you’re driving on Patterson Avenue, you will have a better idea of where that name came from.

Fresh from the Digital North Carolina Blog 

World War II era Winston-Salem city directories now online

 

Hill's Winston-Salem City (Forsyth County, N.C.) Directory [1945], page 5

Forsyth County Public Library has provided four more city directories documenting Winston Salem and the surrounding area. These directories cover 1940-1945, adding to the set that was previously available. The large volumes can be extremely useful for many types of researchers because they are full-text searchable. City directories offer a wealth of information about property rights, business ownership, and local economic history.You can view all of the newly available city directories at the links below:

To view more city directories from the Forsyth County Public Library and browse all of their collections available on DigitalNC, please visit the contributor page. To learn more about the library and the services that it offers, please visit the website.


http://www.digitalnc.org/blog/world-war-ii-era-winston-salem-city-directories-now-online/

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The Forsyth County Genealogical Society meets Tuesday, February 7, 2017, in the auditorium of the Reynolda Manor Branch of the Forsyth County Public Library, 2839 Fairlawn Dr., Winston-Salem, 27106. The social period will begin at 6:30 pm, and the program will begin at 7:00 pm. All meetings are free and open to the public and all are welcome to attend.

Our topic at this meeting will be, “Five Row: The Lost Village of Reynolda,” presented by Phillip Archer, Director of Programing and Bari Helms archivist, with the Betsy Main Babcock Reynolda House Museum of Art. Five Row was a community within a community where African-American farm employees lived with their families, some of whom also worked as domestics in Reynolda House. This community was the subject of a play produced in 2014 by Peppercorn Children’s Theatre, and our speakers will educate us on this significant, yet lost, part of our city’s history.

The FCGS follows the weather policy of the WS/FC Public Schools. Should school be canceled or dismissed early due to weather, any meeting that same evening will be canceled, as well.

The North Carolina Genealogical Society, Inc.

North Carolina Genealogical Society

The North Carolina Genealogical Society is delighted to present:
Diane L. Richard, ME, MBA“How a Genealogist Uses the State Archives of NC and the State Library of NC”
A LIVE webinar on 20 January 2017, 3:00 pm – 4:00 pm EST

About the Webinar:

Preparation is key to making a successful visit to a research facility. Learn tips and tricks for what to do in advance of arriving in Raleigh. We’ll also walk through the nitty-gritty of an actual visit—everything from signing into the building through checking out at the security desk after an effective day of research.

About the Speaker:
Diane L. Richard is a professional genealogist and owner of Mosaic Research and Project Management. She has been doing genealogy research since 1987 and since 2004 has focused more on the records of North Carolina, including African American (and slave) research and into those who migrated into, through, or out of North Carolina. Diane is a member of the national and local chapters of the Association of Professional Genealogists and the Genealogical Speakers Guild. She is the editor of Upfront with NGS, the blog of the National Genealogical Society, and Wake Treasures, the journal of the Wake County Genealogical Society. She is a regular author for Internet Genealogy andFamily Chronicle. Diane can be found online at www.mosaicrpm.com.

After the free 20 January 2017 live presentation, the recording of the webinar, “How a Genealogist Uses the State Archives of NC and the State Library of NC,” will be available on the NCGS website for all to view, anytime (coming February 2017).

Handout for the webinar will be available to all from a link on the webinar page.

Register for this webinar at http://www.ncgenealogy.org/

 

The Forsyth County Genealogical Society will meet Tuesday, January 3, 2017, in the auditorium of the Forsyth County Public Library-Reynolda Manor Branch, 2839 Fairlawn Dr., Winston-Salem 27106. The social period will begin at 6:30 pm, and the program at 7:00 pm. All meetings are free and open to the public and all are welcome to attend.

This month our speaker will be Randell Jones, local historian, author and story teller.  His topic is the march of the prisoners taken at the Battle of King’s Mountain and the Patriot army’s descent on Bethabara.  Be sure to attend to learn about this often overlooked saga with its close local connection.

This presentation is made possible through funding provided by the North Carolina Humanities Council.

 

family-research-fair

Virtual Family History Fair
North Carolina Virtual Family History Fair
Saturday, October 15, 2016
10a.m. to 2:00p.m. (all times EST)
Presented by the North Carolina Government and Heritage
Library and the State Archives of North Carolina.
Sponsored by the Friends of the Archives.
View presentations at www.ncdcr.gov/family-history
For more information email slnc.reference@ncdcr.gov
or call (919) 807-7460.
Join us for free online live streaming presentations.
View on your own or at participating North Carolina Libraries.
10:00a.m. “Genealogical Research at the North Carolina Government and Heritage Library and the State Archives of North Carolina.”
Library and Archives staff members will discuss the types of materials, collections, and services available at their respective repositories.
Presented by North Carolina Government and Heritage Library and the State Archives of North Carolina Staff.

11:00a.m. “Freedmen’s Bureau Records: More Valuable to ALL Southern Research Than You Might Have Thought!”
Many pertinent records are found in the Freedmen’s Bureau Records of Field Offices for the various states. It is very important to note that a common misunderstanding is that this record group only encompasses records of freed slaves. While it does contain records of freedmen, it includes a lot
information about impoverished southern families, regardless of race.
Presented by professional genealogist Diane L. Richard, principal of MosaicRPM.
Noon “Online Research Tools from the North Carolina Government and Heritage Library and the State Archives of North Carolina.” 
Discussion on online resources from both the Library and Archives such as the North Carolina Digital Collections as well as a few resources that you might find helpful from other institutions.
Presented by State Archives and Government and Heritage Library Staff.

1:00p.m. “Genealogy and Local History Collections.”
Public libraries are a valuable resource when conducting local or family research. Join us for a panel discussion featuring local history and genealogy librarians from across North Carolina.

As always, click on images to see bigger size…

ourcreekmap

Part One: The Petersbach

Once upon a time, growing up in Ardmore, my friends and I had a nearly perfect playground…a little creek rose from a spring between Brent Street and Sunset Avenue, flowing southward through the woods…several hundred feet from its start, it ran over a granite outcrop, creating a waterfall about ten feet high and carving out a cliff of clay, which we could pull out by the handfuls and make into useful things which we dried in the sun…farther downstream, the creek had made a cave, which we stocked with essential items to sustain us in our shelter when the inevitable Soviet bombers appeared overhead…the water was alive with crawfish and attracted many other creatures, especially snakes, from black rat snakes to king snakes to copperheads, for us to study…a bit beyond the cave was a gray sand path, maintained by the city, which ran down the hill from Arlington Street (now Ardsley) to the creek, then back up to Sunset and on beyond, winding its way through the woods all the way to Washington Park in the Southside…the path crossed our creek on a sturdy wooden bridge…the older kids told us that a troll lived under the bridge, so when we needed to cross, we would walk well up the hill and get a running start to keep from being captured and eaten…eventually, we figured out that there was no troll, so we told the younger kids that there was one…wisdom must always be handed down from generation to generation…not far beyond the bridge, the creek slid under the barbed wire marking the beginning of Farmer Stone’s pasture…at that point we lost track of its course because Farmer Stone had a large bull which, for some reason, did not welcome boys on his property…our creek had no official name…we called it “Our Creek” because that is what it was…it would be some years before we discovered that it emptied into a bigger stream called Peter’s Creek…

Petersbach was one of the first named waterways in Forsyth County. It rises in north Winston near the intersection of North Liberty and East Eleventh Streets. It courses westward to about the intersection of Northwest Boulevard and Abbatoir Street, then runs southwestward beneath Cherry Street, Chatham Road and Thurmond Street, past the Hoots Mill complex and its mysteriously named Canal Street, under Reynolda Road and through Hanes Park past Brunson School and under First Street to wind through Crafton Heights, then follows its name inheritor Peter’s Creek Parkway to ultimately flow into Salem Creek near Hutton Street.

petersbach1766

Petersbach is thought to have been named for Hans Petersen, one of the original group sent down to the Carolina colony from Bethlehem in 1753. He is identified as a native of Holstein (Denmark), a tailor who also possessed the skills of hogger and carpenter. In his role as tailor he spent a good bit of time wandering around scrounging for cloth to make clothing, which may have led to his discovering the Petersbach.

Among the early problems in Wachovia was a distinct shortage of women. In 1762, the first weddings were held in Bethabara, seven in one day. Hans missed out on that event, but a bit later, other single women arrived. Hans focused in on one Elizabeth Palmer, who had been born in London and “given” by her mother to Count Zinzendorf in some sort of bizarre deal. Hans and Elizabeth were married on September 7, 1762. That same year, Hans opened the first school for boys in Wachovia. Elizabeth volunteered to help with the first school for little girls.

In 1763, Elizabeth got pregnant. But within a few months, Hans died. And a few months later, in 1764, Elizabeth died while delivering their still-born son. In the Bethabara God’s Acre, the graves are numbered consecutively. Hans was number 22. Elizabeth and her unnamed son were buried together next to Hans, in the same grave, numbers 23 and 24.

hansheadstoneelizheadstone

Petersbach is first mentioned in 1760 in the Wachovia Church Book in connection with an unwanted  infestation of wild pigeons, which left a field of droppings “shoetop deep” along its banks. It was frequently mentioned a few years later as the Moravians honed in on a site to build the new town of Salem. The Brethren selected several sites on the banks of the Petersbach. But the ideas of man were limited by the ideas of God. The Moravians submitted each site to “the lot”, an interesting device consisting of a bowl and some scrolls, one reading “Yes”, one reading “No” and a blank, which apparently meant neither yes nor no but “not now…rethink and try again later.” For the Moravians, this process represented the will of the Savior, not to be meddled with by mere man. Each site on the Petersbach earned either a “No” or a blank. Eventually, the lot said “Yes” to the current Salem site just above Salem Creek. After that, the Petersbach became a mere outlier.

thelot1765

In fact, some began to promote ideas that the Petersbach was a haven of mysterious and even evil doings. An old wives tale says that when President George Washington visited Salem in 1791, some local folks took him to the Petersbach where he entered a cave inhabited by three witches. When George emerged, he walked away, saying nothing. But when the locals investigated later, they found nothing in the cave but three small piles of ashes, the implication being that the Father of His Country had eradicated the evil doers. Of course, we have nearly minute by minute accounting of George’s time in Salem, which eliminates any possible visit to the Petersbach, but people will believe what people will believe.

1891birdseye

The reservoir is #3 , on Old Town Street, just north of Mary’s restaurant on the present Trade Street. 1891 birds-eye view of Winston & Salem.

Sixty some years later, the Petersbach would become the salvation of the new town of Winston, which did not have a ready water supply. Two wells were drilled at the bottom of a steep hill southwest of the town and the Petersbach was partly diverted to provide a spillway to power a pump that brought the well water up to feed the town’s needs.

1900sanbpump

The pumping station was near the intersection of Northwest Boulevard and Abbatoir Street. Belo’s Pond, never Lake Belo, had been established in the mid-19th century as the site of Edward Belo’s foundry, where the cast figures that decorate the stairs at the Belo House in Salem were created.

The water was stored in an open semi-pyramidal stone reservoir at the highest point in town where it could flow by gravity to whatever points were necessary. That served for several decades, but at some point people began to worry about the condition of the reservoir. A new source of water was developed north of town at what is now Winston Lake Park, and a modern standpipe was constructed next to the old reservoir. But before that system could be be put into operation, the old reservoir collapsed.

sentinelhead1904

A bit before 5:30 AM on Wednesday, November 3, 1904 people who lived near the city water reservoir on North Trade Street were awakened by a loud crash. The 30 foot high northern wall of the reservoir had just collapsed, burying the home and barn of Martin Peoples next door and killing his widow. Her son-in-law, Frank Burkett somehow survived. 800,000 gallons of water rushed down the steep hill toward the railroad tracks, sweeping dozens of houses before it.

reservoirstandpipe

The collapsed reservoir wall. The new standpipe can be seen in the background.

William Adams and his wife were asleep in their home near the reservoir. The wall of water demolished their house, but picked up their bed and took them on a wild ride 500 yards down the hill to the railway cut, leaving them unharmed. One man met the freshet at its edge and grabbed a fence post, managing to hold on until the water was gone. An eleven year old boy heard the crash, stepped onto the porch, saw the wall of water coming and ran for his life. He survived. But others were not so lucky. William Southern and his mother had moved into the neighborhood from Greensboro only the day before. Both died. In one house, the surging water smashed a bedroom, killing a woman and leaving a man alive. In all, nine people died. Eight more were injured but survived.

crowd1904

Part of the huge crowd that gathered at the scene of the disaster

The first on the scene were volunteer firemen, who did what they could to help. By mid-morning, a crowd of thousands had gathered at the scene. At that point, Mayor O.B. Eaton and the Board of Aldermen went into emergency session. Fearing multiple lawsuits, they assured the citizens that the city would absorb all costs to all affected. Even so, there were lawsuits, but the city’s prompt action saved taxpayers from the worst of it.

1907sanborn

The 1907 Sanborn Insurance map shows the remains of the reservoir and the location of the new standpipe

The event was reported by hundreds of news outlets across the US and overseas. The Justice de Biddeford newspaper in Maine printed the story in French. It was, and still is, the worst civil disaster in Twin City history. The next worst has been the explosion at the National Guard Armory near the former city landfill on Silas Creek Parkway in September, 1969. Twenty-five guardsmen were injured, and some of them were evacuated to the armed forces burn center at Brooke Army Medical Center in San Antonio, where three of them later died.

frenchmaine

journalmap1904

The Journal printed a map showing the route followed by the water

fullmap

The route from the reservoir to Northwest Boulevard. The water stood at the bottom of the hill for months, giving the later Pond neighborhood its name.

tradesthill

The view from the bottom of Trade Street at Northwest Boulevard

petersbachcontempmap100

Next: Part Two…West Highlands to Society Hill

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